商標的異議冷靜期

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【英文版】

冷靜期(cooling-off period)係在商標異議程序啟動時,給予特定期限讓雙方進行協商,實務上協商過程中限制他方申請時所涵蓋的指定商品/服務為重要達成目標,台灣並無此規定,但得透過申請使異議案暫緩審查,謹就歐盟、英國、澳洲之冷靜期相關規定,及台灣類似相關程序介紹。

歐盟

當收到官方發下之異議程序通知書,將會自動有兩個月冷靜期(“The ‘cooling-off’ period consists of the two months following the notice of opposition and is prior to the commencement of the adversarial phase (in which both the opponent and the applicant participate).),如需提延期,雙方可向官方提出一次性冷靜期延期,期限為22個月,冷靜期限不可超過24個月。冷靜期限內,雙方可和平的協商並取的最後的共識,以避免日後可能產生更多額外的費用(As the adversarial phase has not yet commenced, if both parties reach an agreement that puts an end to opposition, neither party will be ordered to pay costs.),同時也可盡早確定商標權益。當雙方達成了協議,異議人可撤回異議。此外,如果達成協議的條件是基於限縮歐盟商標的商品和服務清單或撤回歐盟商標申請為基礎,則歐盟商標局應將退還異議費給異議申請人 (In addition, if the agreement reached is based on restricting the list of goods and services of the EU trade mark by excluding those affected by the opposition or if it is based on the withdrawal of the EU trade mark application, the Office will refund the opposition fee to the opponent.”)

英國

英國之冷靜期規定也與歐盟相似,此程序只能在異議程序中提出,目的為讓雙方和平的協商得以達成共識,避免後續額外的費用及冗長的法律程序。必須於收到官方異議通知書之兩個月內提出(The cooling-off period must be filed within the two month period allowed for the applicant to submit the notice of defence of the trade mark application.)。冷靜期可由異議人或被異議人向官方提出,但雙方皆須同意,冷靜期限為九個月(This gives the parties nine months from the date that the opposition is served on the applicant in which to try and reach a settlement.),雙方可在進入訴訟對抗階段之前協商。如欲延期,在雙方同意下,可提出一次性延期申請,為期九個月(“Either the applicant or the opponent can ask for a ‘cooling off’ period, but both parties must agree to it. The parties can request an extension to the initial nine months cooling-off period.),冷靜期限一共不得超過18個月This will extend the cooling -off period by a further nine months (to a maximum period of eighteen months)。如最後雙方在冷靜期結束後亦無法達成協議,被異議人可以在一個月內提交異議答辯書(If negotiations break down at any time, either side can end the ‘cooling off’ period. The applicant is then allowed one month within which to file the notice of defence.)

澳洲

不同於歐盟及英國制度,冷靜期在澳洲須由一方向官方主動提出(“An opposition may be temporarily suspended if both parties agree to a cooling-off period.),如: 可在理由書提出後的任何時間提出冷靜期,但須在異議決定或異議結束前提出。冷靜期間為期六個月(Only one cooling-off period may be requested in an opposition. The length of a cooling-off period is six months),經雙方同意可再向官方提出一次性延期,期限為六個月。如欲提早結束,其中一方可向官方提出終止冷靜期之請求(If both parties agree, a cooling-off period can be extended for a further six months. Either party may request the cooling-off period to be discontinued early),最後在冷靜期限結束後雙方亦無法達成協議,異議程序將繼續進行,在提交使用證據階段開始冷靜期,對方將從冷卻期結束之日起3個月內提交其商標之使用證據。

請注意:如異議案於2013年04月15日提出,冷靜期將不適用於該案件!

台灣

根據台灣商標實務,商標爭議案件經交互答辯或陳述意見程序後,如兩造當事人有意協商,可向智慧財產局提出「請求暫緩審理」,申請暫緩審理者須表示所需暫緩審理之期間。

經審查人員核准後,該爭議案得以暫停審查程序,則雙方可進行協商。審查人員將視案件情況 (例: 兩造當事人係屬國內或國外人士,或協商案件是否涉及當事人全球性考量等)酌給3至6個月期限。屆期未完成協商者,將逕依現有資料審理。

如期限過後欲再次請求緩辦,還需向審查人員提出申請並述明緣由,審查人員將視案件情況而判斷是否再給予延期。若雙方未能達成協商,審查人員於交互答辯或陳述意見程序終結後,異議案應於2個月內作出行政處分。

如有任何疑慮,歡迎與本所聯絡!

冠群國際專利商標聯合事務所
法務商標暨海外業務部

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